Definitions for varnishˈvɑr nɪʃ

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word varnish

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

var•nishˈvɑr nɪʃ(n.)

  1. a preparation for coating surfaces, as of wood, consisting of resinous matter dissolved in oil, alcohol, or the like.

    Category: Chemistry

  2. the sap of certain trees, used for the same purpose.

    Category: Chemistry

  3. any of various other preparations similarly used, as one having India rubber as its chief constituent.

    Category: Chemistry

  4. a coating or surface of varnish.

  5. something suggesting this; gloss.

  6. superficial polish, esp. to conceal some inadequacy.

  7. Ref: nail polish.

  8. (v.t.)to coat with varnish.

  9. to give a glossy appearance to.

  10. to give an improved appearance to.

  11. to give a superficially pleasing appearance to, esp. in order to deceive:

    to varnish the truth.

Origin of varnish:

1300–50; ME varnisch < MF vernis, verniz < ML vernicium sandarac < MGk bernikē, syncopated var. of Gk Berenikē, city in Cyrenaica

var′nish•y(adj.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. varnish(verb)

    a coating that provides a hard, lustrous, transparent finish to a surface

  2. varnish, seal(verb)

    cover with varnish

Wiktionary

  1. varnish(Noun)

    A type of paint with a solvent that evaporates to leave a hard, transparent, glossy film.

  2. varnish(Noun)

    Anything resembling such a paint.

  3. varnish(Noun)

    By extension: A deceptively showy appearance.

  4. varnish(Verb)

    To apply varnish.

  5. varnish(Verb)

    To cover up with varnish.

  6. varnish(Verb)

    To gloss over a defect.

  7. Origin: vernis, from origin.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Varnish(noun)

    a viscid liquid, consisting of a solution of resinous matter in an oil or a volatile liquid, laid on work with a brush, or otherwise. When applied the varnish soon dries, either by evaporation or chemical action, and the resinous part forms thus a smooth, hard surface, with a beautiful gloss, capable of resisting, to a greater or less degree, the influences of air and moisture

  2. Varnish(noun)

    that which resembles varnish, either naturally or artificially; a glossy appearance

  3. Varnish(noun)

    an artificial covering to give a fair appearance to any act or conduct; outside show; gloss

  4. Varnish(noun)

    to lay varnish on; to cover with a liquid which produces, when dry, a hard, glossy surface; as, to varnish a table; to varnish a painting

  5. Varnish(noun)

    to cover or conceal with something that gives a fair appearance; to give a fair coloring to by words; to gloss over; to palliate; as, to varnish guilt

Freebase

  1. Varnish

    Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent. Varnish finishes are usually glossy but may be designed to produce satin or semi-gloss sheens by the addition of "flatting" agents. Varnish has little or no colour, is transparent, and has no added pigment, as opposed to paints or wood stains, which contain pigment and generally range from opaque to translucent. Varnishes are also applied over wood stains as a final step to achieve a film for gloss and protection. Some products are marketed as a combined stain and varnish. After being applied, the film-forming substances in varnishes either harden directly, as soon as the solvent has fully evaporated, or harden after evaporation of the solvent through certain curing processes, primarily chemical reaction between oils and oxygen from the air and chemical reactions between components of the varnish. Resin varnishes "dry" by evaporation of the solvent and harden almost immediately upon drying. Acrylic and waterborne varnishes "dry" upon evaporation of the water but experience an extended curing period. Oil, polyurethane, and epoxy varnishes remain liquid even after evaporation of the solvent but quickly begin to cure, undergoing successive stages from liquid or syrupy, to tacky or sticky, to dry gummy, to "dry to the touch", to hard. Environmental factors such as heat and humidity play a very large role in the drying and curing times of varnishes. In classic varnish the cure rate depends on the type of oil used and, to some extent, on the ratio of oil to resin. The drying and curing time of all varnishes may be sped up by exposure to an energy source such as sunlight, ultraviolet light, or heat. Many varnishes rely on organic oils or resins for their binder in combination with organic solvents; these are highly flammable in their liquid state. In addition, all drying oils, certain alkyds, and many single-component polyurethanes produce heat during the curing process. Therefore, oil-soaked rags and paper can smolder and ignite hours after use if they are bunched or piled together, or, for example, placed in a container where the heat cannot dissipate.

The Standard Electrical Dictionary

  1. Varnish

    A glossy transparent coating of the nature of paint, applied as a protective, or ornamental coating to objects.


Translations for varnish

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

varnish(noun)

a usually clear sticky liquid which gives protection and a glossy surface to wood, paint etc.

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