Definitions for varietalvəˈraɪ ɪ tl
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
va•ri•e•talvəˈraɪ ɪ tl(adj.)
of or pertaining to a variety.
constituting a variety.
of or designating a wine made chiefly from one variety of grape.
(n.)a varietal wine.
Origin of varietal:
A wine made primarily from or exclusively from a single variety of grape, which carries the name of that grape.
The varietal Merlot has rich red color and a robust fruity taste. Cabernet Sauvignon is a varietal that descended from Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc.
By extension, a coffee made primarily from or exclusively from a single variety of coffee bean.
Pertaining to a distinct variety of organism.
Made from a single specific variety (especially of grapes in wine).
Origin: From variety + -al.
of or pertaining to a variety; characterizing a variety; constituting a variety, in distinction from an individual or species
A Varietal describes a wine made primarily from a single named grape variety, and which typically displays the name of that variety on the wine label. Examples of grape varieties commonly used in varietal wines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Merlot. Wines that display the name of two or more varieties on their label, such as a Chardonnay-Viognier, are blends and not varietal wines. The term is frequently misused in place of vine variety; the term variety refers to the vine or grape while varietal refers to the wine produced by a variety. Similarly, the term varietal can be used to describe cider made from a single variety of apple, tea made from a single variety and preparation, or to describe particular subspecies of coffee. As vintners and consumers have become aware of the characteristics of individual varieties of wine grapes, wines have also come to be identified by varietal names. The term's concept was nurtured in the US by Maynard Amerine at the University of California, Davis after Prohibition seeking to encourage growers to choose optimal vine varieties, and later promoted by Frank Schoonmaker in the 1950s and 1960s, ultimately becoming widespread during the California wine boom of the 1970s. Varietal wines are commonly associated with New World wines in general, but there is also a long-standing tradition of varietal labelling in Germany and other German-influenced wine regions including Austria, Alsace, and the Czech Republic.
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