Definitions for vanadiumvəˈneɪ di əm

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vanadium

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

va•na•di•umvəˈneɪ di əm(n.)

  1. a rare element occurring in certain minerals and obtained as a light gray powder or as a ductile metal: used to toughen steel.

    Category: Chemistry

    Ref: Symbol: V 3

Origin of vanadium:

< NL (1830)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. vanadium, V, atomic number 23(noun)

    a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite

Wiktionary

  1. vanadium(Noun)

    A chemical element, (symbol V) with an atomic number of 23; it is a transition metal, used in the production of special steels.

  2. Origin: Vanadis, a name of Freyja + -ium

Webster Dictionary

  1. Vanadium(noun)

    a rare element of the nitrogen-phosphorus group, found combined, in vanadates, in certain minerals, and reduced as an infusible, grayish-white metallic powder. It is intermediate between the metals and the non-metals, having both basic and acid properties. Symbol V (or Vd, rarely). Atomic weight 51.2

Freebase

  1. Vanadium

    Vanadium is a chemical element with the symbol V and atomic number 23. It is a hard, silvery gray, ductile and malleable transition metal. The element is found only in chemically combined form in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation. Andrés Manuel del Río discovered compounds of vanadium in 1801 by analyzing a new lead-bearing mineral he called "brown lead," and presumed its qualities were due to the presence of a new element, which he named erythronium since, upon heating, most of its salts turned from their initial color to red. Four years later, however, he was convinced by other scientists that erythronium was identical to chromium. Chlorides of vanadium were generated in 1830 by Nils Gabriel Sefström who thereby proved that a new element was involved, which he named "vanadium" after the Germanic goddess of beauty and fertility, Vanadís. Both names were attributed to the wide range of colors found in vanadium compounds. Del Rio's lead mineral was later renamed vanadinite for its vanadium content. In 1867 Henry Enfield Roscoe obtained the pure element.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Vanadium

    a metallic silver-white elementary body of rare occurrence, and occurring in very small quantities; discovered first in 1801 by Del Rio.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Vanadium

    A metallic element with the atomic symbol V, atomic number 23, and atomic weight 50.94. It is used in the manufacture of vanadium steel. Prolonged exposure can lead to chronic intoxication caused by absorption usually via the lungs.

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