Definitions for valeric acidvəˈlɛr ɪk, -ˈlɪər-

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word valeric acid

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

va•ler′ic ac′idvəˈlɛr ɪk, -ˈlɪər-(n.)

  1. any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an intermediate in perfumery.

    Category: Chemistry

Origin of valeric acid:

1855–60; valer(ian)+-ic

Princeton's WordNet

  1. valeric acid, pentanoic acid(noun)

    a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs


  1. valeric acid(Noun)

    A short chain aliphatic carboxylic acid, CH(CH)COOH, obtained from the roots of valerian; used in perfume, flavourings, pharmaceuticals


  1. Valeric acid

    Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid, is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C5H10O2. Like other low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids, it has a very unpleasant odor. It is found naturally in the perennial flowering plant valerian, from which it gets its name. Its primary use is in the synthesis of its esters. Volatile esters of valeric acid tend to have pleasant odors and are used in perfumes and cosmetics. Ethyl valerate and pentyl valerate are used as food additives because of their fruity flavors. Valeric acid appears similar in structure to GHB and the neurotransmitter GABA in that it is a short-chain carboxylic acid, although it lacks the alcohol and amine functional groups that contribute to the biological activities of GHB and GABA, respectively. It differs from valproic acid simply by lacking a 3-carbon side-chain.


Find a translation for the valeric acid definition in other languages:

Select another language:

Discuss these valeric acid definitions with the community:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"valeric acid." STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Dec. 2014. < acid>.

Are we missing a good definition for valeric acid?

The Web's Largest Resource for

Definitions & Translations

A Member Of The STANDS4 Network

Nearby & related entries:

Alternative searches for valeric acid: