Definitions for vacciniavækˈsɪn i ə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vaccinia
vaccinia, vaccina, variola vaccine, variola vaccinia, variola vaccina(noun)
a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar
a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
An infection of cowpox; or the virus which causes this infection
cowpox; vaccina. See Cowpox
Origin: [NL. See Vaccine.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The cutaneous and occasional systemic reactions associated with vaccination using smallpox (variola) vaccine.
Vaccinia virus is a large, complex, enveloped virus belonging to the poxvirus family. It has a linear, double-stranded DNA genome approximately 190 kbp in length, and which encodes approximately 250 genes. The dimensions of the virion are roughly 360 × 270 × 250 nm, with a mass of approximately 5-10 fg. Smallpox was the first disease to be widely prevented by vaccination due to pioneering work by the English physician and scientist Edward Jenner in the eighteenth century using cowpox virus. Vaccinia virus is the active constituent of the vaccine that eradicated smallpox, making it the first human disease to be eradicated. This endeavour was carried out by the World Health Organization under the Smallpox Eradication Program. Post eradication of smallpox, scientists study vaccinia virus to use as a tool for delivering genes into biological tissues and because of concerns about smallpox being used as an agent for bioterrorism.
Find a translation for the vaccinia definition in other languages:
Select another language: