Definitions for uspallata passˌus pɑˈyɑ tə

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Random House Webster's College Dictionary

Us•pa•lla′ta Pass′ˌus pɑˈyɑ tə(n.)

  1. a mountain pass in S South America, in the Andes, connecting Mendoza, Argentina, and Santiago, Chile. ab. 12,650 ft. (3855 m) high.

    Category: Geography (places)

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  1. Uspallata Pass

    The Uspallata Pass or Bermejo Pass is an Andean pass which provides a route between the wine-growing region around the Argentine city of Mendoza, the Chilean city Los Andes and Santiago the Chilean capital situated in the central Chilean valley. The pass has been used since Colonial times as the most direct link between the Pacific seaport of Valparaiso and the Atlantic port of Buenos Aires, avoiding the 11 day, 5,630 km journey by sea, via Cape Horn, between the two ports. In 1817 it was used by the Army of the Andes to cross the Andes, in the campaign to free Chile from the Spanish Empire. Reaching a maximum altitude of about 3,810 m, the pass runs between the peaks of the 6,962 m Aconcagua to the north and the 6,570 m Tupungato to the south. Today, the Uspallata Pass provides a major transportation link between Chile and Argentina and a railroad tunnel built by the now defunct Transandine Railway runs underneath. The Pan-American Highway runs through the near-by Cristo Redentor Tunnel and a monument, Christ the Redeemer of the Andes is located at the pass.

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