uremia, uraemia, azotemia, azotaemia(noun)
accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
Blood poisoning resulting from the retention of waste products usually excreted as urine.
Origin: From οὖρον + αἷμα.
Uremia or uraemia is a term used to loosely describe the illness accompanying kidney failure, in particular the nitrogenous waste products associated with the failure of this organ. This is not to be confused with uricemia, or hyperuricemia, a build up of uric acid in the blood. In kidney failure, urea and other waste products, which are normally excreted into the urine, are retained in the blood. Early symptoms include anorexia and lethargy, and late symptoms can include decreased mental acuity and coma. Other symptoms include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, cold, bone pain, itch, shortness of breath, and seizures. It is usually diagnosed in kidney dialysis patients when the glomerular filtration rate, a measure of kidney function, is below 50% of normal. Azotemia is another word that refers to high levels of urea, but is used primarily when the abnormality can be measured chemically but is not yet so severe as to produce symptoms. Uremia can also result in uremic pericarditis. There are many dysfunctions caused by uremia affecting many systems of the body, such as blood, sex, and bones. Uremia can also cause decreased peripheral conversion of T4 to T3, producing a functionally hypothyroid state.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
The numerical value of uremia in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of uremia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
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