Definitions for urartuʊˈrɑr tu
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an ancient kingdom near Lake Van in E Anatolia that flourished c900–600 b.c.
Category: Ancient History, Geography (places)
An Iron Age kingdom in eastern Asia Minor flourishing 9th-6th century BC. Located in the Armenian Highlands, it was centred in the mountainous region around Lake Van.
Origin: A modern (19th century) rendition of . Corresponds to Biblical אררט (see Ararat).
Urartu, corresponding to Kingdom of Ararat or Kingdom of Van was a prehistoric Iron Age Armenian kingdom centred around Lake Van in the Armenian Highlands. Strictly speaking, Urartu is the Assyrian term for a geographical region, while "kingdom of Urartu" or "Biainili lands" are terms used in modern historiography for the Iron Age state that arose in that region. That a distinction should be made between the geographical and the political entity was already pointed out by König. The landscape corresponds to the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and the Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highlands. The kingdom rose to power in the mid-9th century BC, but was conquered by Media in the early 6th century BC.
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