Definitions for upanishaduˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word upanishad
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
U•pan•i•shaduˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd(n.)
any of a class of Hindu treatises, usu. in dialogue form, composed between the 8th and 6th centuries b.c. and first written a.d. c1300.
Category: Eastern Religions
Origin of Upanishad:
1800–10; < Skt upaniṣad
a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions
"the Vedanta philosophy developed from the pantheistic views of the Upanishads"
An authorless Hindu religious and philosophical text considered to be an early source of the religion, found mostly as the concluding part of the Brahmanas and in the Aranyakas.
The Upanishads are a collection of texts in the Vedic Sanskrit language which contain the earliest emergence of some of the central religious concepts of Hinduism, some of which are shared with Buddhism and Jainism. The Upanishads are considered by Hindus to contain revealed truths concerning the nature of ultimate reality and describing the character and form of human salvation. The Upanishads are sometimes referred to as Vedanta when interpreted in the context of Uttara Mimamsa. But according to the Brahmasutra, the Upanishads address a different subject matter, and the subject matter of the Vedas is inquisition into ritual action. Most interpretations of the Brahmasutra are clear that one does not have to master the Vedas first to study the Upanishads. Hence the Vedas and Upanishads are different, even though they share the same language. To call them purely Vedanta would not be exactly right because they are really the source of both the Samkhya and later Vedanta philosophies.
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