Definitions for umlautˈʊm laʊt

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word umlaut

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

um•lautˈʊm laʊt(n.)

  1. a mark (¨) used as a diacritic over a vowel, as ӓ, ö, ü, to indicate a vowel sound different from that of the letter without the diacritic, esp. as so used in German.

    Category: Language/Linguistics

    Ref: Compare dieresis.

  2. (in Germanic languages) assimilation in which a vowel is influenced by a following vowel or semivowel.

    Category: Language/Linguistics

  3. (v.t.)to modify by umlaut.

    Category: Language/Linguistics

  4. to write an umlaut over.

    Category: Language/Linguistics

Origin of umlaut:

1835–45; < G

Princeton's WordNet

  1. umlaut, dieresis, diaeresis(noun)

    a diacritical mark (two dots) placed over a vowel in German to indicate a change in sound


  1. umlaut(Noun)

    An assimilatory process whereby a vowel is pronounced more like a following vocoid that is separated by one or more consonants.

  2. umlaut(Noun)

    The umlaut process (as above) that occurred historically in Germanic languages whereby back vowels became front vowels when followed by syllable containing a front vocoid (e.g. Germanic lu016Bsi > Old English lu012Bs(i) > Modern English lice).

  3. umlaut(Noun)

    A vowel so assimilated.

  4. umlaut(Noun)

    The diacritical mark ( u00A8 ) placed over a vowel to indicate such assimilation.

  5. umlaut(Verb)

    To place an umlaut over a vowel.

  6. Origin: From Umlaut, from um + Laut, from hlut.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Umlaut(noun)

    the euphonic modification of a root vowel sound by the influence of a, u, or especially i, in the syllable which formerly followed

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Umlaut

    name given by Grimm to the modification of a vowel in a syllable through the influence of a vowel in the succeeding.


  1. Diaeresis

    The diaeresis, trema or umlaut is a diacritic that consists of two dots placed over a letter, most commonly a vowel. When that letter is an i or a j, the diacritic replaces the tittle: ï. The diaeresis and the umlaut are diacritics marking two distinct phonological phenomena. The diaeresis represents the phenomenon also known as diaeresis, or hiatus, in which a vowel letter is not pronounced as part of a digraph or diphthong. The umlaut, in contrast, indicates a sound shift. These two diacritics originated separately; the diaeresis is considerably older. Nevertheless, in modern computer systems using Unicode, the umlaut and diaeresis diacritics are identical: 〈ä〉 represents both a-umlaut and a-diaeresis. The same symbol is also used as a diacritic in other cases, distinct from both diaeresis and umlaut. For example, in Albanian, ë represents a schwa.


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