Definitions for ukraineyuˈkreɪn, -ˈkraɪn, ˈyu kreɪn; u krʌˈyi nə
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a republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian state which came into existence in the ninth century
A country in Eastern Europe; was long part of the Russian Empire, then of the Soviet Union. Official name: Ukraine.
Origin: 1688 Ucrania, Ukrain, Ukraine, Ukrania, 1762 Ocraine. Adaptation of Ukraina, Украина, or Україна, from the specific use, originally meaning “borderland”, “marches” or “insideland”. From оу + краи, or край. Details in Wikipedia: Name of Ukraine.
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. Ukraine borders the Russian Federation to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the largest country entirely within Europe. According to a popular and well established theory, the medieval state of Kievan Rus was established by the Varangians in the 9th century as the first historically recorded East Slavic state. It emerged as a powerful nation in the Middle Ages but disintegrated in the 12th century. By the middle of the 14th century, Ukrainian territories were under the rule of three external powers—the Golden Horde, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kingdom of Poland. After the Great Northern War, Ukraine was divided among a number of regional powers. By the 19th century, the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into the Russian Empire, with the rest under Austro-Hungarian control. A chaotic period of incessant warfare ensued, with internationally recognized establishment of independent Ukrainian People's Republic. Independent Ukraine emerged from its own civil war. Then Soviet aggression and Ukrainian–Soviet War followed, which resulted in Soviet victory. Ukrainian People's Republic was occupied and puppet state called Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was created. On December 30, 1922 it became one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union. Soviet government was hostile to Ukrainian language and Ukrainian culture, there were mass repressions of Ukrainian poets, historians and linguists. Then there was a genocide of Ukrainians: millions of people starved to death in 1932 and 1933 in the Holodomor. After 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and Soviet Union, the Ukrainian SSR's territory was enlarged westward. During World War II the Ukrainian Insurgent Army tried to reestablish Ukrainian independence and fought against both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. But in 1941 Ukraine was occupied by Nazi Germany, being liberated in 1944. In 1954 it expanded to the south with the transfer of Crimea. In 1945, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the founding members of the United Nations.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a fertile Russian province of undefined limits in the basin of Dnieper, originally a frontier territory of Poland against the Tartars.
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