Definitions for tolltoʊl
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word toll
a fee levied for the use of roads or bridges (used for maintenance)
price, cost, toll(noun)
value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something
"the cost in human life was enormous"; "the price of success is hard work"; "what price glory?"
the sound of a bell being struck
"saved by the bell"; "she heard the distant toll of church bells"
"For whom the bell tolls"
charge a fee for using
"Toll the bridges into New York City"
to take away; to vacate; to annul
to draw; to entice; to allure. See Tole
to cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated; as, to toll the funeral bell
to strike, or to indicate by striking, as the hour; to ring a toll for; as, to toll a departed friend
to call, summon, or notify, by tolling or ringing
to sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person
the sound of a bell produced by strokes slowly and uniformly repeated
a tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market, or the like
a liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor
a portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding
to pay toll or tallage
to take toll; to raise a tax
to collect, as a toll
The Toll genes encode members of the Toll-like receptor class of proteins. "Toll" is German for "amazing" or "great". Mutants in the Toll gene were originally identified by 1995 Nobel Laureates Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric Wieschaus and colleagues in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster in 1985, and cloned by the laboratory of Kathryn Anderson in 1988. Since then, eleven mammalian Toll genes have been identified. In flies, Toll was first identified as a gene important in embryogenesis in establishing the dorsal-ventral axis. In 1996, Toll was found to have a role in the fly's immunity to fungal infections. Both mammalian and invertebrate Toll genes are required for innate immunity. Toll-like receptors in mammals were identified in 1997 at Yale University by Ruslan Medzhitov and Charles Janeway. Concurrently, Two seperate studies, lead by Shizuo Akira, Bruce A. Beutler and their respective colleagues discovered that the Toll-like receptors act as the principal sensors of infection in mammals. The name of the gene family derives from Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard's 1985 exclamation, "Das ist ja toll!" The exclamation, which translates as "That's amazing!" was in reference to the underdeveloped ventral portion of a fruit fly larva.
Translations for toll
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- zvonit, mýto, mýtnéCzech
- Maut, läuten, AbgabeGerman
- peaje, tocarSpanish
- soittaa, maksu, yksikköhinta, rahastaa, tulli, soitto, soida, soittaminen, maksullinen, narrata, siirtää, määrätä, veroFinnish
- péage, sonnerie, sonnerFrench
- pedaggio, suonare, dazioItalian
- 通行料, 有料, 通行料金Japanese
- моста́рина, ѕво́ни, жртви, пата́ринаMacedonian
- tol, luidenDutch
- portagem, badalar, anunciar, pedágioPortuguese
- сбор, бла́говест, позвони́ть, по́шлина, потеря, жертва, благовестить, пла́та, звон, звони́тьRussian
Get even more translations for toll »
Find a translation for the toll definition in other languages:
Select another language: