Definitions for therapsida
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word therapsida
Therapsida, order Therapsida(noun)
extinct mammal-like reptiles found inhabiting all continents from the mid Permian to late Triassic
Therapsida is a group of the most advanced synapsids, and include the ancestors of mammals. Many of the traits today seen as unique to mammals had their origin within early therapsids, including an erect posture and lactation. The earliest fossil attributed to Therapsida is Tetraceratops insignis. Therapsids evolved from pelycosaurs 275 million years ago. They replaced the pelycosaurs as the dominant large land animals in the Middle Permian. They remained the dominant fauna until replaced by archosaurs and rhynchosaurs in the Middle Triassic although some therapsids, the kannemeyeriiforms for example, remained diverse in the Late Triassic. The therapsids included the cynodonts, the group that gave rise to mammals in the Late Triassic around 225 million years ago. Of the non-mammalian therapsids, only cynodonts and dicynodonts survived the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event. The last of the non-mammalian therapsids, the cynodont tritylodontids, became extinct in the Early Cretaceous, approximately 100 million years ago.
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