Definitions for tetanusˈtɛt n əs

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word tetanus

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

tet•a•nusˈtɛt n əs(n.)

  1. an infectious disease characterized by tonic spasms and rigidity of muscles, esp. of the lower jaw and neck, caused by a bacterium, Clostridium tetani, which commonly enters the body through wounds and cuts.

    Category: Pathology

    Ref: Compare lockjaw.

  2. sustained contraction of a muscle, esp. when induced experimentally or by a poison.

    Category: Physiology

Origin of tetanus:

1350–1400; ME tetane < L tetanus < Gk tétanos muscle spasm, tetanus

tet′a•nal(adj.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. tetanus, lockjaw(noun)

    an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages

  2. tetanus(noun)

    a sustained muscular contraction resulting from a rapid series of nerve impulses

Wiktionary

  1. tetanus(Noun)

    A serious and often fatal disease caused by the infection of an open wound with the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani, found in soil and the intestines and faeces of animals.

  2. tetanus(Noun)

    A state of muscle tension caused by sustained contraction arising from a rapid series of nerve impulses which do not allow the muscle to relax.

  3. Origin: From tetanus, from τέτανος.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Tetanus(noun)

    a painful and usually fatal disease, resulting generally from a wound, and having as its principal symptom persistent spasm of the voluntary muscles. When the muscles of the lower jaw are affected, it is called locked-jaw, or lickjaw, and it takes various names from the various incurvations of the body resulting from the spasm

  2. Tetanus(noun)

    that condition of a muscle in which it is in a state of continued vibratory contraction, as when stimulated by a series of induction shocks

Freebase

  1. Tetanus

    Tetanus is a medical condition characterized by a prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers. The primary symptoms are caused by tetanospasmin, a neurotoxin produced by the Gram-positive, rod-shaped, obligate anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani. Infection generally occurs through wound contamination and often involves a cut or deep puncture wound. As the infection progresses, muscle spasms develop in the jaw and elsewhere in the body. Infection can be prevented by proper immunization and by post-exposure prophylaxis.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Tetanus

    or Lock-Jaw, a nervous affection of a most painful and fatal character, which usually begins with intensely painful and persistent cramp of the muscles of the throat and jaws, spreading down to the larger muscles of the body. As the disease progresses the muscles become more and more rigid, while the paroxysms of pain increase in violence and frequency. Death as a rule results from either sheer exhaustion or failure of breath through the spasmodic closure of the glottis. The cause of the disease is now ascertained to be due to the action of a microbe, which may find an entrance through any wound or abrasion of the skin, not necessarily of the thumb as is the popular belief.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Tetanus

    A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.

Anagrams of tetanus

  1. tautens

  2. attunes


Translations for tetanus

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

tetanus(noun)

a type of serious disease, caused by an infected wound etc, in which certain muscles (especially of the jaw) become stiff.

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