Definitions for tensionˈtɛn ʃən

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word tension

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

ten•sionˈtɛn ʃən(n.)

  1. the act of stretching or straining.

  2. the state of being stretched or strained.

  3. mental or emotional strain.

  4. intense, suppressed suspense, anxiety, or excitement.

  5. a strained relationship between individuals, groups, nations, etc.

  6. the longitudinal deformation of an elastic body that results in its elongation. the force producing such deformation.

    Category: Mechanics

  7. electromotive force; potential.

    Category: Electricity and Magnetism

  8. a device for extending or maintaining tension, as on material in a loom.

    Category: Common Vocabulary, Textiles

  9. (v.t.)to subject (a cable, belt, tendon, or the like) to tension.

    Category: Mechanics

Origin of tension:

1525–35; < L tēnsiō constriction < tend(ere) to stretch (cf. tend1)

ten′sion•less(adj.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. tension, tenseness, stress(noun)

    (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense

    "he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"; "stress is a vasoconstrictor"

  2. tension, tensity, tenseness, tautness(noun)

    the physical condition of being stretched or strained

    "it places great tension on the leg muscles"; "he could feel the tenseness of her body"

  3. tension(noun)

    a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature)

    "there is a tension created between narrative time and movie time"; "there is a tension between these approaches to understanding history"

  4. tension(noun)

    (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body

    "the direction of maximum tension moves asymptotically toward the direction of the shear"

  5. latent hostility, tension(noun)

    feelings of hostility that are not manifest

    "he could sense her latent hostility to him"; "the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"

  6. tension(noun)

    the action of stretching something tight

    "tension holds the belt in the pulleys"

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. tension(noun)ˈtɛn ʃən

    anger or disagreement that in a person or situation

    There was an obvious tension between the two leaders.; racial tensions in the city

  2. tensionˈtɛn ʃən

    nervousness or worry

    The joke did not ease the tension.

  3. tensionˈtɛn ʃən

    a feeling of excitement and suspense

    The tension was building at the end of the game/story/movie.

  4. tensionˈtɛn ʃən

    how tight sth is

    Make sure the tension in the rope remains steady.

Wiktionary

  1. tension(Noun)

    Psychological state of being tense.

  2. tension(Noun)

    Condition of being held in a state between two or more forces, which are acting in opposition to each other

  3. tension(Noun)

    State of an elastic object which is stretched in a way which increases its length.

  4. tension(Noun)

    Force transmitted through a rope, string, cable, or similar object (used with prepositions on, in, or of, e.g., "The tension in the cable is 1000 N", to convey that the same magnitude of force applies to objects attached to both ends).

  5. tension(Noun)

    Voltage. Usually only the terms low tension, high tension, and extra-high tension, and the abbreviations LT, HT, and EHT are used. They are not precisely defined; LT is normally a few volts, HT a few hundreds of volts, and EHT thousands of volts.

  6. tension(Verb)

    To place an object in tension, to pull or place strain on.

    We tensioned the cable until it snapped.

  7. Origin: From tension.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Tension(adj)

    the act of stretching or straining; the state of being stretched or strained to stiffness; the state of being bent strained; as, the tension of the muscles, tension of the larynx

  2. Tension(adj)

    fig.: Extreme strain of mind or excitement of feeling; intense effort

  3. Tension(adj)

    the degree of stretching to which a wire, cord, piece of timber, or the like, is strained by drawing it in the direction of its length; strain

  4. Tension(adj)

    the force by which a part is pulled when forming part of any system in equilibrium or in motion; as, the tension of a srting supporting a weight equals that weight

  5. Tension(adj)

    a device for checking the delivery of the thread in a sewing machine, so as to give the stitch the required degree of tightness

  6. Tension(adj)

    expansive force; the force with which the particles of a body, as a gas, tend to recede from each other and occupy a larger space; elastic force; elasticity; as, the tension of vapor; the tension of air

  7. Tension(adj)

    the quality in consequence of which an electric charge tends to discharge itself, as into the air by a spark, or to pass from a body of greater to one of less electrical potential. It varies as the quantity of electricity upon a given area

Freebase

  1. Tension

    In physics, tension is the pulling force exerted by a string, cable, chain, or similar solid object on another object. It results from the net electrostatic attraction between the particles in a solid when it is deformed so that the particles are further apart from each other than when at equilibrium, where this force is balanced by repulsion due to electron shells; as such, it is the pull exerted by a solid trying to restore its original, more compressed shape. Tension is the opposite of compression. Slackening is the reduction of tension. As tension is the magnitude of a force, it is measured in newtons and is always measured parallel to the string on which it applies. There are two basic possibilities for systems of objects held by strings: Either acceleration is zero and the system is therefore in equilibrium, or there is acceleration and therefore a net force is present. Note that a string is assumed to have negligible mass.

The Standard Electrical Dictionary

  1. Tension

    Electro-motive force or potential difference in a current system is often thus termed. It is to be distinguished from intensity or current strength, which word it too greatly resembles.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'tension' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3003

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'tension' in Nouns Frequency: #1061


Translations for tension

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

tension(noun)

the state of being stretched, or the degree to which something is stretched

the tension of the rope.

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