Definitions for tarnishˈtɑr nɪʃ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word tarnish
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
to dull the luster of or discolor (a metallic surface), esp. by oxidation.
to diminish or destroy the purity of; sully:
to tarnish a reputation.
(v.i.)to become tarnished.
(n.)a tarnished coating.
a stain or blemish.
Origin of tarnish:
1590–1600; < MF terniss-, long s. of ternir to dull, deaden < Gmc (cf. OHG tarnjan to hide, obscure); see -ish2
discoloration of metal surface caused by oxidation
tarnish, stain, maculate, sully, defile(verb)
make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically
"The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man"
Oxidation or discoloration, especially of a decorative metal exposed to air.
To oxidize or discolor due to oxidation.
To soil, sully, damage or compromise
Origin: From ternir, stem of ternir, from ternir, of origin, from Old , from darnijanan, from dher(ǝ)-. Cognate with , tarnen (Modern German tarnen), dyrnan, diernan. More at dern, darn.
to soil, or change the appearance of, especially by an alternation induced by the air, or by dust, or the like; to diminish, dull, or destroy the luster of; to sully; as, to tarnish a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish the purity of color
to lose luster; to become dull; as, gilding will tarnish in a foul air
the quality or state of being tarnished; stain; soil; blemish
a thin film on the surface of a metal, usually due to a slight alteration of the original color; as, the steel tarnish in columbite
Tarnish is a thin layer of corrosion that forms over copper, brass, silver, aluminum, and other similar metals as their outermost layer undergoes a chemical reaction. Tarnish does not always result from the sole effects of oxygen in the air. For example, silver needs hydrogen sulfide to tarnish; it does not tarnish with only oxygen. It often appears as a dull, gray or black film or coating over metal. Tarnish is a surface phenomenon, that is self-limiting unlike rust. Only the top few layers of the metal react, and the layer of tarnish seals and protects the underlying layers from reacting. Tarnish actually preserves the underlying metal in outdoor use and is called patina. The formation of patina is necessary in applications such as copper roofing, and outdoor copper, bronze, and brass statues and fittings. Patina is the name given to tarnish on copper based metals.
Translations for tarnish
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a dull, stained appearance on a metal surface.
- فُقْدان اللمَعان أو البَريقArabic
- manchaPortuguese (BR)
- matnost, zašlostCzech
- die TrübungGerman
- μαύρισμα (για μέταλλο)Greek
- falta de lustreSpanish
- tuhmunud pindEstonian
- کدر یا لک شدگیFarsi
- עִימוּם הַבָּרָקHebrew
- zamagljivanje, gubljenje sjajaCroatian
- málmur sem hefur fallið áIcelandic
- opacità, ossidazioneItalian
- apsūbējums; blāvumsLatvian
- anløpet overflateNorwegian
- тусклая поверхностьRussian
- matnosť, strata leskuSlovak
- matthet, glanslöshetSwedish
- 失去光澤Chinese (Trad.)
- داغ، دھبہUrdu
- trạng thái mờ điVietnamese
- 无光泽Chinese (Simp.)
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