roofing paper, tar paper(noun)
a heavy paper impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing
Tar paper is a heavy-duty paper used in construction. Tar paper is made by impregnating paper with tar, producing a waterproof material useful for roof construction. It can be distinguished from roofing felt. Roofing felt has been in use for over a hundred years. Originally felt was made from recycled rag but today felts are made of recycled paper products and sawdust. The most common felt product is the so-called #15 felt. Before the oil crisis felt weighed about 15 pounds per square and hence the asphalt-impregnated felt was called "15#" or "15 pound felt". Modern felts no longer weigh 0.73 kg/m2, and to reflect this fact the new felts are called "#15" asphalt felt. In fact, #15 felts can weigh from 7.5 to 12.5 pounds/sq depending on the manufacturer and the standard to which felt is made. Thirty pound felt, of 30# felt, is now #30 felt, and actually usually weighs between 16 and 27 pounds per square. Hence, to get a product similar to a 15# felt of old, one could specify a modern #30 felt. Tar paper is more accurately a Grade D building paper is widely used in the west. Building paper is manufactured from virgin kraft paper, unlike felts, and then impregnated with asphalt. The longer fibres in the kraft paper allow for a lighter weight product with similar and often better mechanical properties than felt. Grade papers are rated in minutes -- the amount of time it takes for a moisture sensitive chemical indicator to change colour when a small boat-like sample is floated on water. Common grades include 10, 20, 30, and 60 minute. The higher the rating the more moisture resistant and the heavier. A typical 20 minute paper will weigh about 3.3 pds per square, a 30 minute paper 3.75, and a 60 minute paper about six. The smaller volume of material however does tend to make these papers less resistant to moisture than heavier felts.
The numerical value of tar paper in Chaldean Numerology is: 4
The numerical value of tar paper in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
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