A type of stringed instrument found throughout the world, similar to a lute.
Origin: तम्पूरा, from طنبور.
The tambura, tanpura, tamburi is a long-necked plucked lute. Hindustani musicians speak of 'tanpura' whereas Carnatic musicians say 'tambura', and 'tamburi' is a smaller form. For practical use, all these types are called 'tanpura'in the text.The body shape of the tanpura somewhat resembles that of the sitar, but it has no frets – and the strings are played open. One or more tanpuras may accompany other musicians or vocalists. It has four or five wire strings, which are plucked one after another in a regular pattern to create a harmonic resonance on the basic note. Tanpuras in any size or number form the root of the ensemble and indeed of the music itself, as it creates the acoustic atmosphere for raga-music. An electronic tanpura is often used in contemporary Indian classical music performances. Tanpuras come in different sizes and pitches: larger "males", smaller "females" for vocalists, and a yet smaller version is used for accompanying sitar or sarod, called tamburi. Male vocalists pitch their tonic note, often to about C♯; female singers usually a fifth higher, though the tonic may be any note, as there is no absolute pitch in the Indian classical music systems. The male instrument has an open string length of approximately one metre; the female is three-fourths of the male. The standard tuning is 5-8-8-1 or, in Indian sargam, PA-sa-sa-SA. For ragas that omit the fifth, the first string is tuned down to the natural fourth: 4-8-8-1 or Ma-sa-sa-Sa. Some ragas require a less common tuning with shuddh NI, NI-sa-sa-SA. With a five-string instrument, the seventh or NI is added: PA-NI-sa-sa-SA or MA-NI-sa-sa-SA.
The numerical value of tambura in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of tambura in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
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