Definitions for spartaˈspɑr tə
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece.
Category: Ancient History, Geography (places)
Ref: Also called Lacedaemon. 1
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC
An ancient city-state in southern Greece, noted for its strict military training.
Origin: From Doric Σπάρτα (Attic Σπάρτη).
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
or Lacedemon, the capital of ancient Laconia, in the Peloponnesus, on the right bank of the Eurotas, 20 m. from the sea; was 6 m. in circumference, consisted of several distinct quarters, originally separate villages, never united into a regular town; was never surrounded by walls, its walls being the bravery of its citizens; its mythical founder was Lacedemon, who called the city Sparta from the name of his wife; one of its early kings was Menelaus, the husband of Helen; Lycurgus (q. v.) was its law-giver; its policy was aggressive, and its sway gradually extended over the whole Peloponnesus, to the extinction at the end of the Peloponnesian War of the rival power of Athens, which for a time rose to the ascendency, and its unquestioned supremacy thereafter for 30 years, when all Greece was overborne by the Macedonian power.