Definitions for serologysɪˈrɒl ə dʒi
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word serology
the branch of medical science that deals with serums; especially with blood serums and disease
The science that studies the reaction between antigens and antibodies in serum.
The characteristics of the blood serums of a particular disease or organism.
A blood test to detect the presence of antibodies.
Serology is the scientific study of plasma serum and other bodily fluids. In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection, against other foreign proteins, or to one's own proteins. Serological tests may be performed for diagnostic purposes when an infection is suspected, in rheumatic illnesses, and in many other situations, such as checking an individual's blood type. Serology blood tests help to diagnose patients with certain immune deficiencies associated with the lack of antibodies, such as X-linked agammaglobulinemia. In such cases, tests for antibodies will be consistently negative. There are several serology techniques that can be used depending on the antibodies being studied. These include: ELISA, agglutination, precipitation, complement-fixation, and fluorescent antibodies. Some serological tests are not limited to blood serum, but can also be performed on other bodily fluids such as semen and saliva, which have similar properties to serum.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The study of serum, especially of antigen-antibody reactions in vitro.
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