Definitions for sepsisˈsɛp sɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word sepsis
the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
A serious medical condition in which the whole body is inflamed, and a known or suspected infection is present.
Origin: From σῆψις, from σήπειν, from σήψ.
the poisoning of the system by the introduction of putrescent material into the blood
Origin: [NL., fr. Gr. putrefaction.]
Sepsis is a potentially deadly medical condition characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state caused by severe infection. Septicemia is a related medical term referring to the presence of pathogenic organisms in the bloodstream, leading to sepsis. The term has not been sharply defined. It has been inconsistently used in the past by medical professionals, for example as a synonym of bacteremia, causing some confusion. Sepsis is caused by the immune system's response to a serious infection, most commonly bacteria, but also fungi, viruses, and parasites in the blood, urinary tract, lungs, skin, or other tissues. Sepsis can be thought of as falling within a continuum from infection to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Common symptoms of sepsis include those related to a specific infection, but usually accompanied by high fevers, hot, flushed skin, elevated heart rate, hyperventilation, altered mental status, swelling, and low blood pressure. In the very young and elderly, or in people with weakened immune systems, the pattern of symptoms may be atypical, with hypothermia and without an easily localizable infection. Sepsis causes millions of deaths globally each year.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
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