Definitions for seminoleˈsɛm əˌnoʊl
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word seminole
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Sem•i•noleˈsɛm əˌnoʊl(n.)(pl.)-noles; -nole.
a member of any of several groupings of American Indians comprising emigrants from the territories of the Creek confederacy to Florida, or their descendants in Florida and Oklahoma.
either of the Muskogean languages spoken by the Seminoles, comprising Mikasuki and the Florida or Seminole dialect of Creek.
Origin of Seminole:
1763,Amer.; earlier Semiolilie, Seminolie < Creek simanó·li wild, runaway
a member of the Muskhogean people who moved into Florida in the 18th century
the Muskhogean language of the Seminole
Any member of a Native American people formed in the eighteenth century, now residing primarily in Florida and Oklahoma.
The Seminole are a Native American people originally of Florida. Today, most Seminole live in Oklahoma with a minority in Florida; there are three federally recognized tribes and independent groups. The Seminole nation emerged in a process of ethnogenesis out of groups of Native Americans, most significantly Creek from what are now northern Florida, Georgia, and Alabama, who settled in Florida in the early 18th century. The word Seminole is a corruption of cimarrón, a Spanish term for "runaway" or "wild one." During their early decades, the Seminole became increasingly independent of other Creek groups and established their own identity. They developed a thriving trade network in the British and second Spanish periods. The tribe expanded considerably during this time, and was further supplemented from the late 18th century by free blacks and escaped slaves who settled near and paid tribute to Seminole towns. The latter became known as Black Seminoles, although they kept their own Gullah culture of the Low Country. They developed the Afro-Seminole Creole language, which they spoke through the 19th century after the move to Indian Territory. Seminole culture is largely derived from that of the Creek; the most important ceremony is the Green Corn Dance; other notable traditions include use of the black drink and ritual tobacco. As the Seminole adapted to Florida environs, they developed local traditions, such as the construction of open-air, thatched-roof houses known as chickees. Historically the Seminole spoke Mikasuki and Creek, both Muskogean languages.²
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