Definitions for sailplaneˈseɪlˌpleɪn
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word sailplane
aircraft supported only by the dynamic action of air against its surfaces
fly a plane without an engine
A glider that is optimised for soaring and is equipped with fixed wings and fuselage.
Origin: sail + plane
A glider or sailplane is a type of glider aircraft used in the sport of gliding. It has rigid wings and an undercarriage. Some gliders, known as motor gliders, are also used for gliding and soaring, but have engines which can be used for extending a flight and, for some types, for take-off. Aircraft such as hang gliders and paragliders are foot-launched and so are described in separate articles, though their differences from sailplanes are covered below. Glider aircraft that are used for purposes other than recreation, for example military gliders, do not soar. Sports gliders benefit from creating the least drag for any given amount of lift, and this is best achieved with long, thin wings and a fully faired narrow cockpit. Aircraft with these features are able to climb efficiently in rising air and can glide long distances at high speed with a minimum loss of height in between.
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