Definitions for ruffrʌf

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ruff

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

ruffrʌf(n.)

  1. a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.

    Category: Clothing

  2. a collar, or set of lengthened or specially marked hairs or feathers, on the neck of an animal.

  3. a Eurasian sandpiper, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers during the breeding season.

    Category: Ornithology

    Ref: Compare reeve3. 3

Origin of ruff:

1515–25; perh. back formation from ruffle1

ruffed(adj.)

ruffrʌf(n.)

  1. an act or instance of trumping in cards when one cannot follow suit.

    Category: Games

  2. an old game of cards resembling whist.

    Category: Games

  3. (v.i.)to trump when unable to follow suit.

    Category: Games

Origin of ruff:

1580–90; prob. < F ro(u)ffle, akin to It ronfa a card game, prob. < G Trumpftrump1

ruffrʌf(n.)

  1. a small European freshwater fish, Acerina cernua, of the perch family.

    Category: Ichthyology

Origin of ruff:

1400–50; ME ruf, roffe; perh. identical with rough

Princeton's WordNet

  1. frill, ruff(noun)

    an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal

  2. choker, ruff, ruffle, neck ruff(noun)

    a high tight collar

  3. ruff, Philomachus pugnax(noun)

    common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season

  4. ruff, trumping(verb)

    (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit

  5. trump, ruff(verb)

    play a trump

Wiktionary

  1. ruff(Noun)

    A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it ruff and honours.

  2. ruff(Verb)

    To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led

  3. ruff(Interjection)

    The bark of a dog; woof.

  4. Origin: A shortening of ruffle

Webster Dictionary

  1. Ruff(noun)

    a game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it

  2. Ruff(noun)

    the act of trumping, especially when one has no card of the suit led

  3. Ruff

    to trump

  4. Ruff(noun)

    a muslin or linen collar plaited, crimped, or fluted, worn formerly by both sexes, now only by women and children

  5. Ruff(noun)

    something formed with plaits or flutings, like the collar of this name

  6. Ruff(noun)

    an exhibition of pride or haughtiness

  7. Ruff(noun)

    wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct

  8. Ruff(noun)

    a low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a roll; a ruffle

  9. Ruff(noun)

    a collar on a shaft ot other piece to prevent endwise motion. See Illust. of Collar

  10. Ruff(noun)

    a set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers round, or on, the neck of a bird

  11. Ruff(noun)

    a limicoline bird of Europe and Asia (Pavoncella, / Philommachus, pugnax) allied to the sandpipers. The males during the breeding season have a large ruff of erectile feathers, variable in their colors, on the neck, and yellowish naked tubercles on the face. They are polygamous, and are noted for their pugnacity in the breeding season. The female is called reeve, or rheeve

  12. Ruff(noun)

    a variety of the domestic pigeon, having a ruff of its neck

  13. Ruff(verb)

    to ruffle; to disorder

  14. Ruff(verb)

    to beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum

  15. Ruff(verb)

    to hit, as the prey, without fixing it

  16. Ruff(noun)

    alt. of Ruffe

Freebase

  1. Ruff

    The Ruff is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia. This highly gregarious sandpiper is migratory and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia. It is usually considered to be the only member of its genus, and the Broad-billed and Sharp-tailed Sandpipers are its closest relatives. The Ruff is a long-necked, pot-bellied bird. This species shows marked sexual dimorphism; the male is much larger than the female, and has a breeding plumage that includes brightly coloured head tufts, bare orange facial skin, extensive black on the breast, and the large collar of ornamental feathers that inspired this bird's English name. The female and the non-breeding male have grey-brown upperparts and mainly white underparts. Three differently plumaged types of male, including a rare form that mimics the female, use a variety of strategies to obtain mating opportunities at a lek, and the colourful head and neck feathers are erected as part of the elaborate main courting display. The female has one brood per year and lays four eggs in a well-hidden ground nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the chicks, which are mobile soon after hatching, on her own. Predators of wader chicks and eggs include mammals such as foxes, feral cats and stoats, and birds such as large gulls, corvids and skuas.


Translations for ruff

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

rough(noun)

uneven or uncultivated ground on a golf course

I lost my ball in the rough.

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