any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
A viscous hydrocarbon secretion of many plants, particularly coniferous trees.
Any of various yellowish viscous liquids or soft solids of plant origin; used in lacquers, varnishes and many other applications; chemically they are mostly hydrocarbons, often polycyclic.
Any synthetic compound of similar properties.
Origin: From résine, from resina
any one of a class of yellowish brown solid inflammable substances, of vegetable origin, which are nonconductors of electricity, have a vitreous fracture, and are soluble in ether, alcohol, and essential oils, but not in water; specif., pine resin (see Rosin)
Origin: [F. rsine, L. resina; cf. Gr. "rhti`nh Cf. Rosin.]
Resin in the most specific use of the term is a hydrocarbon secretion of many plants, particularly coniferous trees. Resins are valued for their chemical properties and associated uses, such as the production of varnishes, adhesives and food glazing agents. They are also prized as an important source of raw materials for organic synthesis, and as constituents of incense and perfume. Plant resins have a very long history that was documented in ancient Greece by Theophrastus, in ancient Rome by Pliny the Elder, and especially in the resins known as frankincense and myrrh, prized in ancient Egypt. These were highly prized substances, and required as incense in some religious rites. Amber is a hard fossilized resin from ancient trees.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
rez′in, n. an amorphous substance that exudes from plants, supposed to be the product of oxidation of volatile oils secreted by the plant: the precipitate obtained from a vegetable tincture by treatment with water.—v.t. to coat with resin.—adj. Resinā′ceous, resinous.—n. Res′ināte, a salt of the acids obtained from turpentine.—adj. Resinif′erous, yielding resin.—n. Resinificā′tion, the process of treating with resin.—adj. Res′iniform.—vs.t. Res′inify, to change into resin; Res′inise, to treat with resin.—adjs. Res′ino-elec′tric, containing negative electricity; Res′inoid; Res′inous, having the qualities of, or resembling, resin.—adv. Res′inously.—n. Res′inousness.—adj. Res′iny, like resin.—Gum resins, the milky juices of certain plants solidified by exposure to air; Hard resins, at ordinary temperatures solid and brittle, easily pulverised, containing little or no essential oil (copal, lac, jalap, &c.); Soft resins, mouldable by the hand—some are viscous and semi-fluid balsams (turpentine, storax, Canada balsam, &c.). [Fr.,—L. resīna.]
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
(a) The product obtained by non-destructive distillation of the juice of the pitch pine. It is the solid residue left after the turpentine has been evaporated or distilled. It is a mixture of abietic acid C44 H64 O5 and pinic acid C20 H30 O2. It is an insulator; its specific inductive capacity is 2.55. (Baltzmann.) Synonyms--Colophony--Rosin. (b) The name is also generally applied to similar substances obtained from the sap of other trees; thus shellac is a resin. The resins are a family of vegetable products; the solid portions of the sap of certain trees. Common resin, lac, dragons blood, are examples. They are all dielectrics and sources of resinous or negative electricity when rubbed with cotton, flannel, or silk. (See Electrostatic Series.)
The numerical value of resin in Chaldean Numerology is: 7
The numerical value of resin in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
Images & Illustrations of resin
Translations for resin
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- resinaCatalan, Valencian
- hartsi, tekohartsi, pihkaFinnish
- résine, aufefFrench
- HaarzLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- damar, salang, سالڠ, دامرMalay
- kvae, harpiksNorwegian
- hars, kunstharsDutch
- harpiks, kvaeNorwegian Nynorsk
- kåda, hartsSwedish
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