res judicata, res adjudicata(noun)
a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again
An issue that is before a court, has already been decided by another court, and that therefore must be dismissed by the current court.
Origin: From res iudicata, past participle of iudico
Res judicata or res iudicata, also known as claim preclusion, is the Latin term for "a matter [already] judged", and may refer to two concepts: in both civil law and common law legal systems, a case in which there has been a final judgment and is no longer subject to appeal; and the legal doctrine meant to bar continued litigation of such cases between the same parties, which is different between the two legal systems. In this latter usage, the term is synonymous with "preclusion". In the case of res judicata, the matter cannot be raised again, either in the same court or in a different court. A court will use res judicata to deny reconsideration of a matter. The legal concept of res judicata arose as a method of preventing injustice to the parties of a case supposedly finished, but perhaps mostly to avoid unnecessary waste of resources in the court system. Res judicata does not merely prevent future judgments from contradicting earlier ones, but also prevents litigants from multiplying judgments, so a prevailing plaintiff could not recover damages from the defendant twice for the same injury.
The numerical value of res judicata in Chaldean Numerology is: 4
The numerical value of res judicata in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Images & Illustrations of res judicata
Find a translation for the res judicata definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these res judicata definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"res judicata." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 25 Sep. 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/res judicata>.