What does reference mean?

Definitions for referenceˈrɛf ər əns, ˈrɛf rəns

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word reference.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. mention, reference(noun)

    a remark that calls attention to something or someone

    "she made frequent mention of her promotion"; "there was no mention of it"; "the speaker made several references to his wife"

  2. citation, cite, acknowledgment, credit, reference, mention, quotation(noun)

    a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage

    "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"; "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"; "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"

  3. reference point, point of reference, reference(noun)

    an indicator that orients you generally

    "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"

  4. reference book, reference, reference work, book of facts(noun)

    a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts

    "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"

  5. character, reference, character reference(noun)

    a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability

    "requests for character references are all too often answered evasively"

  6. reference, denotation, extension(noun)

    the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to

    "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"

  7. reference, consultation(noun)

    the act of referring or consulting

    "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"

  8. reference, source(noun)

    a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to

    "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"; "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"

  9. address, computer address, reference(noun)

    (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored

  10. reference(verb)

    the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to

    "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"

  11. reference, cite(verb)

    refer to

    "he referenced his colleagues' work"

Wiktionary

  1. reference(Noun)

    A relationship or relation (to something).

  2. reference(Noun)

    A measurement one can compare to.

  3. reference(Noun)

    Information about a person, provided by someone (a referee) with whom they are well acquainted

  4. reference(Noun)

    A reference work.

  5. reference(Noun)

    A relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.

  6. reference(Noun)

    A short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text.

  7. reference(Noun)

    A previously published written work thus indicated; a source.

  8. reference(Noun)

    An object containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself.

  9. reference(Verb)

    to refer to, to make reference to, to cite

    Reference the dictionary for word meanings.

  10. reference(Verb)

    to mention

Webster Dictionary

  1. Reference(noun)

    the act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference to a chart for guidance

  2. Reference(noun)

    that which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book

  3. Reference(noun)

    relation; regard; respect

  4. Reference(noun)

    one who, or that which, is referred to

  5. Reference(noun)

    one of whom inquires can be made as to the integrity, capacity, and the like, of another

  6. Reference(noun)

    a work, or a passage in a work, to which one is referred

  7. Reference(noun)

    the act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment of one or more persons for decision

  8. Reference(noun)

    the process of sending any matter, for inquiry in a cause, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court

  9. Reference(noun)

    appeal

  10. Origin: [See Refer.]

Freebase

  1. Reference

    Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. The second object – the one to which the first object refers – is called the referent of the first object. The term reference is used in many spheres of human knowledge, adopting shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is used. References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is audible, visual, olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, spacetime coordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection; but, other concrete and abstract contexts exist as methods of defining references within the scope of the various fields that require an origin, point of departure, or an original form. This includes methods that intentionally hide the reference from some observers, as in cryptography. The following sections give specific usages of reference in different subjects.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1341

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1692

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'reference' in Nouns Frequency: #457

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of reference in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of reference in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Sample Sentences & Example Usage

  1. John Kristensen:

    The lighthouse is a reference point, but the most fascinating things are the landscape and the light. They are constantly changing.

  2. Lee Zeldin:

    I see an understanding, a recognition in the resolution with regards to ISIS attacks on Muslims, on Christians and others, and I didn't see a reference to Jews, and one of the efforts I've been involved in is trying to raise awareness for the rising tide of anti-semitism.

  3. Ada Duan:

    They were able to take a lot of photos and use those as actual reference as the most authentic representation of those props, whether for weapons or for a planet, we really opened up all of our archives, not only reference from the original films but just a lot of material that we have here available to them.

  4. Slawek Tulaczyk:

    Just by measuring the seawater properties, we will be able to verify the theoretical predictions people have been making for decades now, i think this will be the reference point for what the conditions are at grounding lines. I'm quite confident that it's not representative of every place, but it establishes a baseline.

  5. Jane Harley:

    Given that our editorial guidelines that reference pigs and pork have been in place for as long as I can remember, little did I imagine that they would attract international headlines claiming that Oxford University Press had banned sausages, to clarify, OUP does not have a blanket ban on pork products in its titles, and we do still publish books about pigs.

Images & Illustrations of reference


Translations for reference

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • إشارةArabic
  • Referenz, referenzieren, QuelleGerman
  • πηγέςGreek
  • referencoEsperanto
  • referenciaSpanish
  • referents, soovitus, viitama, allikasEstonian
  • referenssi, viitata, viite, suositus, lähdeviittaus, mainita, vertausarvo, lähdeFinnish
  • recommandation, référenceFrench
  • iomradhScottish Gaelic
  • referansHaitian Creole
  • riferimentoItalian
  • 参考, 照会, 参照する, 出典, 言及する, 照会先Japanese
  • 참조, 참고, 參照, 參考Korean
  • سه‌رچاوه‌Kurdish
  • referente, referentie, referentDutch
  • naaltsoos bitsʼą́ą́dóó ééhóziniiNavajo, Navaho
  • odnosić się doPolish
  • referenciar, referência, mencionarPortuguese
  • referință, sursă de referințăRomanian
  • референция, ссылаться, рекомендация, характеристика, ссылка, отношение, упоминать, поручительство, отсылка, источник, образецRussian
  • källhänvisning, källaSwedish
  • referans, kaynakTurkish
  • ریفرنسUrdu

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