Definitions for reconquista
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The process by which the Christian countries of Spain and Portugal were reconquered from the Moors
In the history of the Iberian Peninsula, the Reconquista is the period between the first Islamic invasion in 711 and the fall of Granada, the last Islamic state on the peninsula, in 1492. The Reconquista corresponds to, and is named for, a period of expansion of the Christian states of the peninsula at the expense of the Muslim states, collectively known as al-Andalus. It comes after the period of the Visigothic kingdom, which collapsed under pressure from the armies invading from Africa, and together with which it forms the Middle Ages of Iberian history. It comes before the period of the Portuguese and Spanish colonial empires after the discovery of the New World. Traditionally, the Reconquista begins with the Battle of Covadonga, in which a Visigothic élite, Pelagius, defeated an Islamic army and established his authority over a region in the north of the peninsula, the Kingdom of Asturias.
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