Definitions for r factor

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Random House Webster's College Dictionary

R factor(n.)

  1. a genetic component of some bacteria that provides resistance to antibiotics and can be transferred from one bacterium to another by conjugation.

    Category: Genetics

Origin of R factor:

1960–65; r(esistance)factor

Freebase

  1. R-factor

    In crystallography, the R-factor is a measure of the agreement between the crystallographic model and the experimental X-ray diffraction data. In other words, it is a measure of how well the refined structure predicts the observed data. The value is also sometimes called the discrepancy index, as it mathematically describes the difference between the experimental observations and the ideal calcluated values. It is defined by the following equation: where F is the so-called structure factor and the sum extends over all the reflections measured and their calculated counterparts respectively. The structure factor is closely related to the intensity of the reflection it describes: The absolute range of values is zero to one, with a large R-factor indicating a poorly refined, low-resolution model or a disordered crystal. For large molecules, R-factor usually ranges between 0.6 and 0.2. Small molecules usually form more ordered crystals than large molecules, it is possible to attain lower R-factors. In the Cambridge Structural Database more than 95% of the 500,000+ crystals have an R-factor lower than 0.15 and 9.5% have an R-factor lower than 0.03.

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