Definitions for quoll
Any of the various carnivorous marsupials of the genus Dasyurus found in Australia and New Guinea, roughly the size of a cat.
1770: Another was calld by the natives Je-Quoll: it is about the size and something like a polecat, of a light brown spotted with white on the back and white under the belly. uE000116074uE001 Joseph Banks, The Endeavour Journal of Sir Joseph Banks, extended description following entry for 26 August 1770
Origin: From dhigul. Recorded by Banks (quote below) but then virtually forgotten for 150 years, with the term native cat used instead. Today readopted and gaining in popularity. (Reference: R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Aboriginal Words, Oxford University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-19-553099-3, page 79-80 and 221-2.)
a marsupial of Australia (Dasyurus macrurus), about the size of a cat
The quoll is a carnivorous marsupial native to mainland Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania. It is primarily nocturnal and spends most of the day in its den. There are six species of quoll; four are found in Australia and two in New Guinea. Another two species are known from fossil remains in Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits in Queensland. Genetic evidence indicates that the quoll evolved around 15 million years ago in the Miocene, and that the ancestors of the six species had all diverged by around 4 million years ago. The quoll species vary in weight and size, from 300 grams to 7 kilograms. They have brown or black fur and a pink nose. They are largely solitary but come together for a few social interactions such as mating which occurs during the winter season. A female gives birth to up to 18 puppies, of which only 6 survive to suckle on her teats. The quoll eats small mammals such as rabbits, small birds, lizards and insects. Its natural lifespan is between two and five years. All species have drastically declined in numbers since Australasia was colonised by Europeans, with one species, the Eastern quoll, becoming extinct on the Australian mainland, now being found only in Tasmania. Major threats to their survival include the cane toad, predators, urban development and poison baiting. Conservation efforts include breeding programs in captivity.
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