Definitions for quinquagesimaˌkwɪŋ kwəˈdʒɛs ə mə, ˌkwɪn-
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Quin•qua•ges•i•maˌkwɪŋ kwəˈdʒɛs ə mə, ˌkwɪn-(n.)
the Sunday before Lent; Shrove Sunday.
Origin of Quinquagesima:
1350–1400; ME < ML, short for L quīnquāgēsima diēs fiftieth day
Quinquagesima, Quinquagesima Sunday(noun)
the Sunday before Ash Wednesday (the beginning of Lent)
a Sunday in the Christian calendar. It is 50 days, using inclusive counting, backwards, from Easter Sunday.
Origin: from quinquagesima dies (50th day)
Quinquagesima is the name used in the Western Church for the Sunday before Ash Wednesday. It was also called Quinquagesima Sunday, Quinquagesimae, Estomihi, or Shrove Sunday. The name Quinquagesima originates from Latin quinquagesimus, referring to the fifty days before Easter Day using inclusive counting which counts both Sundays. Since the forty days of the Lenten fast does not include Sundays, the first day of Lent, Ash Wednesday, succeeds Quinquagesima Sunday by only three days. The name Estomihi is derived from the beginning of the Introit for the Sunday, Esto mihi in Deum protectorem, et in locum refugii, ut salvum me facias, Psalms 31:3. The earliest Quinquagesima Sunday can occur is February 1 and the latest is March 7. In the Roman Catholic Church, the terms for this Sunday were eliminated in the reforms following the Second Vatican Council, and these Sundays are part of Ordinary Time. The contemporary service books of many Anglican provinces do not use the term but it remains in the Book of Common Prayer. According to the reformed Roman Rite Roman Catholic calendar, this Sunday is now known by its number within Ordinary Time — fourth through ninth, depending upon the date of Easter — or the fourth through the ninth Sunday after Epiphany in the contemporary Anglican calendars, and that of various Protestant polities. The earlier form of the Roman Rite, with its references to Quinquagesima Sunday, and to the Sexagesima and Septuagesima Sundays, continues to be observed in some communities.
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