Definitions for quantitative research
The systematic scientific investigation of quantitative properties and phenomena and their relationships, using statistical methods.
In sociology, quantitative research refers to the systematic empirical investigation of social phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and/or hypotheses pertaining to phenomena. The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides the fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships. Quantitative data is any data that is in numerical form such as statistics, percentages, etc. In layman's terms, this means that the quantitative researcher asks a specific, narrow question and collects a sample of numerical data from participants to answer the question. The researcher analyzes the data with the help of statistics. The researcher is hoping the numbers will yield an unbiased result that can be generalized to some larger population. Qualitative research, on the other hand, asks broad questions and collects word data from participants. The researcher looks for themes and describes the information in themes and patterns exclusive to that set of participants. More generally, quantitative research is widely used in social sciences such as psychology, economics, sociology, marketing, and political science, and less frequently in anthropology and history. Research in mathematical sciences such as physics is also 'quantitative' by definition, though this use of the term differs in context. In the social sciences, the term relates to empirical methods, originating in both philosophical positivism and the history of statistics, which contrast with qualitative research methods.
Find a translation for the quantitative research definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"quantitative research." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2013. Web. 5 Dec. 2013. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/quantitative research>.