Definitions for pupilˈpyu pəl

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word pupil

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

pu•pilˈpyu pəl(n.)

  1. a person, usu. young, who is learning under the supervision of a teacher at school or a private tutor; student.

    Category: Education

Origin of pupil:

1350–1400; pupille < MF < L pūpillus (masc.), pūpilla (fem.) orphan, ward, diminutives of pūpus boy, pūpa girl

pu•pilˈpyu pəl(n.)

  1. the expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.

Origin of pupil:

1350–1400; < L pūpilla lit., little doll; for sense cf. Gk kórē girl, doll, pupil of the eye, alluding to tiny reflections seen in the pupils

Princeton's WordNet

  1. student, pupil, educatee(noun)

    a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

  2. pupil(noun)

    the contractile aperture in the center of the iris of the eye; resembles a large black dot

  3. schoolchild, school-age child, pupil(noun)

    a young person attending school (up through senior high school)

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. pupil(noun)ˈpyu pəl

    the black opening in the center of the eye

    Her pupils looked large.

  2. pupilˈpyu pəl

    sb who has private lessons from a teacher

    a piano teacher and her pupils

  3. pupilˈpyu pəl

    a student in a school

    There are 30 pupils in the class.


  1. pupil(Noun)

    The hole in the middle of the iris of the eye, through which light passes to be focused on the retina.

  2. Origin: From pupille, from pupillus, variant of pupulus, from pupus.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Pupil(noun)

    the aperture in the iris; the sight, apple, or black of the eye. See the Note under Eye, and Iris

  2. Pupil(noun)

    a youth or scholar of either sex under the care of an instructor or tutor

  3. Pupil(noun)

    a person under a guardian; a ward

  4. Pupil(noun)

    a boy or a girl under the age of puberty, that is, under fourteen if a male, and under twelve if a female


  1. Pupil

    The pupil is a hole located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to enter the retina. It appears black because light rays entering the pupil are either absorbed by the tissues inside the eye directly, or absorbed after diffuse reflections within the eye that mostly miss exiting the narrow pupil. In humans the pupil is round, but other species, such as some cats, have vertical slit pupils, goats have horizontally oriented pupils, and some catfish have annular types. In optical terms, the anatomical pupil is the eye's aperture and the iris is the aperture stop. The image of the pupil as seen from outside the eye is the entrance pupil, which does not exactly correspond to the location and size of the physical pupil because it is magnified by the cornea. On the inner edge lies a prominent structure, the collarette, marking the junction of the embryonic pupillary membrane covering the embryonic pupil.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Pupil

    The aperture in the iris through which light passes.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'pupil' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4016

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'pupil' in Written Corpus Frequency: #4817

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'pupil' in Nouns Frequency: #424

Translations for pupil

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary


a person who is being taught by a teacher or tutor

The school has 2,000 pupils.

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