Definitions for present perfect

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word present perfect

Princeton's WordNetRate this definition:(0.00 / 0 votes)

  1. present perfect, present perfect tense(noun)

    a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present

    "`I have finished' is an example of the present perfect"

WiktionaryRate this definition:(0.00 / 0 votes)

  1. present perfect(Noun)

    A perfect tense that expresses action in the past (usually completed) with consequences in the present time.

FreebaseRate this definition:(0.00 / 0 votes)

  1. Present perfect

    The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect, used to express a past event that has present consequences. The term is used particularly in the context of English grammar, where it refers to forms such as "I have eaten" and "Sue has left". These forms are present because they use the present tense of the auxiliary verb have, and perfect because they use that auxiliary in combination with the past participle of the main verb. Analogous forms are found in some other languages, and these may also be described as present perfects, although they often have other names, such as the German Perfekt and the French passé composé. They may also have different ranges of usage – for example, in both of the languages just mentioned, the forms in question serve as a general past tense, at least for completed actions. In English, completed actions in many contexts are referred to using the simple past verb form rather than the present perfect. English also has a present perfect progressive form, which combines present tense with both perfect aspect and progressive aspect: "I have been eating". In this case the action is not necessarily complete; the same is true of certain uses of the basic present perfect when the verb expresses a state or a habitual action: "I have lived here for five years."


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