Definitions for pompeiipɒmˈpeɪ, -ˈpeɪ i
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Pom•peiipɒmˈpeɪ, -ˈpeɪ i(n.)
an ancient city in SW Italy, on the Bay of Naples: buried along with Herculaneum by an eruption of nearby Mount Vesuvius in a .d . 79; much of the city has been excavated.
Category: Archaeology, Geography (places)
ancient city to the southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius
A ruined Roman town in Italy, destroyed by Vesuvius (a volcano) in 79AD
Origin: From Pompeii.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an ancient Italian seaport on the Bay of Naples, fell into the possession of Rome about 80 B.C., and was converted into a watering-place and "the pleasure haunt of paganism"; the Romans erected many handsome public buildings, and their villas and theatres and baths were models of classic architecture and the scenes of unbounded luxury; the streets were narrow, provided with side-walks, the walls often decorated with painting or scribbled over by idle gamins; the number of shops witnesses to the fashion and gaiety of the town, the remains of painted notices to its municipal life; a terrible earthquake ruined it and drove out the inhabitants in A.D. 63; they returned and rebuilt it, however, in a tawdry and decadent style, and luxury and pleasure reigned as before till in A.D. 79 an eruption of Vesuvius buried everything in lava and ashes; the ruins were forgotten till accidentally discovered in 1748; since 1860 the city has been disinterred under the auspices of the Italian Government, and is now a favourite resort of tourists and archæologists.