the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
The study of the way sounds function in languages, including phonemes, syllable structure, stress, accent, intonation, and which sounds are distinctive units within a language.
The way sounds function within a given language.
the science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds
Origin: [Phono- + -logy.]
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages. It has traditionally focused largely on study of the systems of phonemes in particular languages, but it may also cover any linguistic analysis either at a level beneath the word or at all levels of language where sound is considered to be structured for conveying linguistic meaning. Phonology also includes the study of equivalent organizational systems in sign languages. The word phonology can also refer to the phonological system of a given language. This is one of the fundamental systems which a language is considered to comprise, like its syntax and its vocabulary. Phonology is often distinguished from phonetics. While phonetics concerns the physical production, acoustic transmission and perception of the sounds of speech, phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages to encode meaning. For many linguists, phonetics belongs to descriptive linguistics, and phonology to theoretical linguistics, although establishing the phonological system of a language is necessarily an application of theoretical principles to analysis of phonetic evidence. Note that this distinction was not always made, particularly before the development of the modern concept of phoneme in the mid 20th century. Some subfields of modern phonology have a crossover with phonetics in descriptive disciplines such as psycholinguistics and speech perception, resulting in specific areas like articulatory phonology or laboratory phonology.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
fō-nol′ō-ji, n. the science of the sounds of the voice, the manner in which these are combined in any language: phonetics.—adj. Phonolog′ical.—n. Phonol′ogist, one versed in phonology. [Gr. phōnē, sound, logos, discourse.]
The numerical value of phonology in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of phonology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
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Translations for phonology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- fonologiaCatalan, Valencian
- Phonemik, PhonologieGerman
- 音韻学, 音韻論Japanese
- fonològija, фоноло̀гијаSerbo-Croatian
- âm vị họcVietnamese
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