record player, phonograph(noun)
machine in which rotating records cause a stylus to vibrate and the vibrations are amplified acoustically or electronically
An instrument for reproducing sounds, especially music, previously recorded on a plastic cylinder or disk as a pattern of bumps or wiggles in a groove. A needle (stylus) held in the groove is made to vibrate by motion (rotation) of the recording, and the vibrations caused by the bumps and wiggles are transmitted directly to a membrane, or first transduced into electrical impulses and sent to an electronic amplifier circuit, thereby reproducing with greater or less fidelity the original sounds. A phonograph which is equipped with electronics enabling the playback of sound with high fidelity to the original is often called a hi-fi. In the 1990's such devices are beginning to be replaced in many homes by compact disk players; the production of plastic recordings of music for playback on a phonograph has almost ceased for entertainment purposes.
Origin: [Phono- + -graph.]
Literally, a device that captures sound waves onto an engraved archive; a lathe.
A device that records or plays sound from cylinder records.
A turntable, especially an early, archaic record player.
A character or symbol used to represent a sound, especially one used in phonography.
a character or symbol used to represent a sound, esp. one used in phonography
an instrument for the mechanical registration and reproduction of audible sounds, as articulate speech, etc. It consists of a rotating cylinder or disk covered with some material easily indented, as tinfoil, wax, paraffin, etc., above which is a thin plate carrying a stylus. As the plate vibrates under the influence of a sound, the stylus makes minute indentations or undulations in the soft material, and these, when the cylinder or disk is again turned, set the plate in vibration, and reproduce the sound
Origin: [Phono- + -graph.]
The phonograph, record player, or gramophone, is a device introduced in 1877 for the recording and reproduction of sound recordings. The recordings played on such a device consist of waveforms that are engraved onto a rotating cylinder or disc. As the cylinder or disc rotates, a stylus or needle traces the waveforms and vibrates to reproduce the recorded sound waves. The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. While other inventors had produced devices that could record sounds, Edison's phonograph was the first to be able to reproduce the recorded sound. His phonograph originally recorded sound onto a tinfoil sheet phonograph cylinder, and could both record and reproduce sounds. Alexander Graham Bell's Volta Laboratory made several improvements in the 1880s, including the use of wax-coated cardboard cylinders, and a cutting stylus that moved from side to side in a "zig zag" pattern across the record. At the turn of the 20th century, Emile Berliner initiated the transition from phonograph cylinders to gramophone records: flat, double-sided discs with a spiral groove running from the periphery to near the center. Other improvements were made throughout the years, including modifications to the turntable and its drive system, the needle and stylus, and the sound and equalization systems.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
fō′nō-graf, n. a character or mark used to represent a sound (also Phō′nogram): an instrument by which spoken words or other sounds can be recorded, and afterwards given out again almost in the original tones.—ns. Phonog′rapher, Phonog′raphist, one versed in phonography.—adjs. Phonograph′ic, -al.—adv. Phonograph′ically.—ns. Phonog′raphy, the art of representing each spoken sound by a distinct character: phonetic shorthand; Phō′nōscope, an apparatus for recording music as played, or for testing musical strings: a microphone. [Gr. phōnē, sound, graphein, to write.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an instrument invented by Edison (q. v.) in 1877 for recording and reproducing articulate sounds of the voice in speech or song, and to which the name of phonogram is given.
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
An apparatus for reproducing articulate speech. It is not electric, except as it may be driven by electricity. It consists of a cylinder of wax-like material which is rotated and moved slowly, longitudinally, screw fashion, at an even speed. A glass diaphragm carrying a needle point is supported with the point barely touching the wax. If the diaphragm is agitated, as by being spoken against, the needle is driven back and forwards cutting a broken line or groove following the direction of the thread of a screw in the wax, the depth of which line or groove continually varies. This imprints the message. If the needle is set back and the cylinder is rotated so as to carry the needle point over the line thus impressed, the varying depth throws the needle and diaphragm into motion and the sound is reproduced. The cylinder is rotated often by an electric motor, with a centrifugal governor. [Transcriber's note; Due to T. A. Edison, 1877, fifteen years before this book.]
The numerical value of phonograph in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of phonograph in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
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