Peace of Westphalia(noun)
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
Peace of Westphalia
The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic. The Peace of Westphalia treaties involved the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, of the House of Habsburg, the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of France, the Swedish Empire, the Dutch Republic, the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, and sovereigns of the free imperial cities and can be denoted by two major events. ⁕The signing of the Peace of Münster between the Dutch Republic and the Kingdom of Spain on 30 January 1648, officially ratified in Münster on 15 May 1648. ⁕The signing of two complementary treaties on 24 October 1648, namely: ⁕The Treaty of Münster, concerning the Holy Roman Emperor and France and their respective allies. ⁕The Treaty of Osnabrück, concerning the Holy Roman Emperor, the Empire and Sweden and their respective allies. The treaties resulted from the big diplomatic congress, thereby initiating a new system of political order in central Europe, later called Westphalian sovereignty, based upon the concept of a sovereign state governed by a sovereign and establishing a prejudice in international affairs against interference in another nation's domestic business. The treaty not only signaled the end of the perennial, destructive wars that had ravaged Europe, it also represented the triumph of sovereignty over empire, of national rule over the personal writ of the Habsburgs. The treaties’ regulations became integral to the constitutional law of the Holy Roman Empire, and stood as a precursor to later large international treaties and thereby the development of international law in general.
The numerical value of peace of westphalia in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of peace of westphalia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
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"peace of westphalia." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 30 Mar. 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/peace of westphalia>.