title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)
the male head of family or tribe
any of the early biblical characters regarded as fathers of the human race
a man who is older and higher in rank than yourself
The highest form of bishop, in the ancient world having authority over other bishops in the province but now generally as an honorary title; in Roman Catholicism, considered a bishop second only to the Pope in rank.
In Biblical contexts, a male leader of a family, tribe or ethnic group, especially one of the twelve sons of Jacob (considered to have created the twelve tribes of Israel) or (in plural) Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
A founder of a political or religious movement, an organization or an enterprise.
Origin: patriarcha, from patriarcha; later reinforced by patriarche, patriarche, from patriarcha, from πατριάρχης, from πατριά + -αρχης.
the father and ruler of a family; one who governs his family or descendants by paternal right; -- usually applied to heads of families in ancient history, especially in Biblical and Jewish history to those who lived before the time of Moses
a dignitary superior to the order of archbishops; as, the patriarch of Constantinople, of Alexandria, or of Antioch
a venerable old man; an elder. Also used figuratively
Origin: [F. patriarche, L. patriarcha, Gr. paria`rchhs, fr. paria` lineage, especially on the father's side, race; path`r father + 'archo`s a leader, chief, fr. 'a`rchein to lead, rule. See Father, Archaic.]
Originally, a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is termed patriarchy. This is a Greek word, a compound of πατριά, "lineage, progeny", esp. by the father's side and ἄρχων meaning "leader", "chief", "ruler", "king", etc. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are referred to as the three patriarchs of the people of Israel, and the period during which they lived is termed the Patriarchal Age. It originally acquired its religious meaning in the Septuagint version of the Bible. The word has acquired specific ecclesiastical meanings. In particular, the highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Catholic Church, and the Assyrian Church of the East are termed Patriarchs. The office and ecclesiastical circumscription of such a Patriarch is termed a Patriarchate. Historically, a Patriarch may often be the logical choice to act as Ethnarch, representing the community that is identified with his religious confession within a state or empire of a different creed.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
pā′tri-ärk, n. one who governs his family by paternal right: (B.) one of the early heads of families from Adam downwards to Abraham, Jacob, and his sons: in Eastern churches, a dignitary superior to an archbishop.—adjs. Patriarch′al, Patriarch′ic, belonging or subject to a patriarch: like a patriarch: of the nature of a patriarch.—ns. Pā′triarchalism, the condition of tribal government by a patriarch; Pā′triarchate, the office or jurisdiction of a patriarch or church dignitary: the residence of a patriarch; Pā′triarchism, government by a patriarch; Pā′triarchy, a community of related families under the authority of a patriarch. [O. Fr.,—L.,—Gr. patriarchēs—patēr, father, archē, beginning.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
in Church history is the name given originally to the bishops of Rome, Antioch, and Alexandria, and later to those also of Constantinople and Jerusalem, who held a higher rank than other bishops, and exercised a certain authority over the bishops in their districts. The title is in vogue in the Greek, Syrian, Armenian, and other Churches. It was originally given to the chief of a race or clan, the members of which were called after him.
The numerical value of patriarch in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of patriarch in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
Images & Illustrations of patriarch
Translations for patriarch
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- بطريرك, شيخArabic
- патриарх, бащаBulgarian
- patriarcaCatalan, Valencian
- stamfaarWestern Frisian
- patrarc, uasalathairIrish
- àrd-athairScottish Gaelic
- տանուտեր, նախահայրArmenian
- 総主教, 総大司教Japanese
- patriarch, aartsvaderDutch
- патриарх, старейшинаRussian
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