Definitions for participleˈpɑr təˌsɪp əl, -sə pəl

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word participle

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

par•ti•ci•ple*ˈpɑr təˌsɪp əl, -sə pəl(n.)

  1. a nonfinite verbal form that can function as an adjective or be used with certain auxiliaries to make compound verb forms, as burning in a burning candle or devoted in your devoted friend. Abbr.: part.

    Category: Grammar

    Ref: Compare past participle, present participle .

* Usage: See dangling participle, misplaced modifier.

Origin of participle:

1350–1400; ME < MF, var. of participe < L participium, der. (with -ium -ium1) of particeps taking part =parti- (s. of pars) part+-cep- (comb. form of capere to take) +-s nom. sing. ending

Princeton's WordNet

  1. participle, participial(noun)

    a non-finite form of the verb; in English it is used adjectivally and to form compound tenses

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. participle(noun)ˈpɑr təˌsɪp əl, -sə pəl

    in grammar, the form of a verb used to make a compound tense

    the present/past participle

Wiktionary

  1. participle(Noun)

    A form of a verb that may function as an adjective or noun. English has two types of participles: the present participle and the past participle.

  2. Origin: From participle (1388), ‘a noun-adjective’, variant of participe, from participium.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Participle(noun)

    a part of speech partaking of the nature both verb and adjective; a form of a verb, or verbal adjective, modifying a noun, but taking the adjuncts of the verb from which it is derived. In the sentences: a letter is written; being asleep he did not hear; exhausted by toil he will sleep soundly, -- written, being, and exhaustedare participles

  2. Participle(adj)

    anything that partakes of the nature of different things

Freebase

  1. Participle

    A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun or noun phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb. It is one of the types of non-finite verb forms. Its name comes from the Latin participium, a calque of Greek metochḗ "partaking" or "sharing"; it is so named because the Ancient Greek and Latin participles "share" some of the categories of the adjective or noun and some of those of the verb. Participles may correspond to the active voice, where the modified noun is taken to represent the agent of the action denoted by the verb; or to the passive voice, where the modified noun represents the patient of that action. Participles in particular languages are also often associated with certain verbal aspects or tenses. The two types of participle in English are traditionally called the present participle, and the past participle.


Translations for participle

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

participle(noun)

word formed from a verb, used either to form compound tenses or as an adjective or noun

('going' and 'gone' are the present and past participle of 'go'.)

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