Definitions for pancreasˈpæn kri əs, ˈpæŋ-
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
pan•cre•asˈpæn kri əs, ˈpæŋ-(n.)
a large compound gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes digestive enzymes into the intestine and glucagon and insulin into the bloodstream.
Category: Anatomy, Zoology
Origin of pancreas:
1570–80; < NL < Gk pánkreas sweetbread =pan-pan - +kréas flesh, meat
a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
A gland near the stomach which secretes a fluid into the duodenum to help with food digestion. The fluid contains protease, carbohydrase and lipase, which breaks down larger molecules into smaller pieces. The pancreas also produces the hormones insulin and glucagon which regulate blood sugar. These hormones are released into the cardiovascular system.
the sweetbread, a gland connected with the intestine of nearly all vertebrates. It is usually elongated and light-colored, and its secretion, called the pancreatic juice, is discharged, often together with the bile, into the upper part of the intestines, and is a powerful aid in digestion. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates. It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide, and a digestive organ, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that assist the absorption of nutrients and the digestion in the small intestine. These enzymes help to further break down the carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids in the chyme.
Translations for pancreas
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a part of the body which helps in the digestion of food.
- pâncreasPortuguese (BR)
- die BauchspeicheldrüseGerman
- briskirtill, brisIcelandic
- 췌장(膵臟), 이자Korean
- aizkuņģa dziedzerisLatvian
- поджелудочная железаRussian
- trebušna slinavkaSlovenian
- 胰臟Chinese (Trad.)
- підшлункова залозаUkrainian
- لبلبہ، پيٹ کے نچلے حصہ کا غدود جو ہضم ميں معاون ہوتا ہےUrdu
- tuyến tuỵVietnamese
- 胰腺Chinese (Simp.)
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