oxidation number, oxidation state(noun)
the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge
"the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is -2"
the state of an atom having a particular oxidation number
The oxidation state is an indicator of the degree of oxidation of an atom in a chemical compound. The formal oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds to atoms of different elements were 100% ionic. Oxidation states are typically represented by integers, which can be positive, negative, or zero. In some cases, the average oxidation state of an element is a fraction, such as 8/3 for iron in magnetite. The highest known oxidation state is +8 in the tetroxides of ruthenium, xenon, osmium, iridium, and hassium, and some complexes involving plutonium, while the lowest known oxidation state is −4 for some elements in the carbon group. The increase in oxidation state of an atom through a chemical reaction is known as an oxidation; a decrease in oxidation state is known as a reduction. Such reactions involve the formal transfer of electrons, a net gain in electrons being a reduction and a net loss of electrons being an oxidation. For pure elements, the oxidation state is zero. The definition of the oxidation state listed by IUPAC is as follows: [Oxidation state] is defined as the charge an atom might be imagined to have when electrons are counted according to an agreed-upon set of rules:
The numerical value of oxidation state in Chaldean Numerology is: 7
The numerical value of oxidation state in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Images & Illustrations of oxidation state
Find a translation for the oxidation state definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these oxidation state definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"oxidation state." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 28 May 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/oxidation state>.