Definitions for osteopathic medicine

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word osteopathic medicine

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Osteopathic Medicine

    A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.


  1. Osteopathic medicine in the United States

    Osteopathic medicine is a branch of the medical profession in the United States. Osteopathic physicians are licensed to practice medicine and surgery in all 50 states and are recognized in sixty other countries, including all Canadian provinces. Frontier physician Andrew Taylor Still founded the profession as a rejection of the prevailing system of medical thought of the 19th century. Still's techniques relied on holistic measures, such as the manipulation of joints and bones, to diagnose and treat illness, and he called his practices “osteopathy”. By the middle of the 20th century, the profession had moved closer to mainstream medicine, adopting modern public health and biomedical principles. American "osteopaths" became "osteopathic medical physicians", ultimately achieving full practice rights as medical doctors in all 50 states, including serving in the U.S. armed forces as physicians. In the 21st century, the training of osteopathic medical physicians in the United States is very similar to the training of Doctors of Medicine. Osteopathic medical physicians attend four years of medical school followed by an internship and a minimum two years of residency.


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