Definitions for orthodox judaism
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a branch of Judaism that faithfully adheres to traditional beliefs and practices as evidenced by Torah study, daily synagogue attendance, and strict observance of the Sabbath, festivals, and dietary laws.
Ref: Compare Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism .
Orthodox Judaism, Jewish Orthodoxy(noun)
Jews who strictly observe the Mosaic law as interpreted in the Talmud
beliefs and practices of a Judaic sect that strictly observes Mosaic law
The most traditional Rabbinic branch of Judaism, believing the written Torah and the oral Torah were literally given to Moses by God.
Orthodox Judaism or Torah Judaism, is the approach to religious Judaism which adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Sanhedrin and subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. Orthodox Judaism generally includes Modern Orthodox Judaism and Haredi Judaism, but can include a wide range of philosophies. Orthodox Judaism was mainstream until around 200 years ago when the Reform movement began in Germany. Since then, a number of non-Orthodox movements within Judaism have developed. The majority of Jews killed during the Holocaust were Orthodox. It is estimated that they numbered between 50-70% of those who perished,. As of 2001, Orthodox Jews and Jews affiliated with an Orthodox synagogue, accounted for approximately 50% of Anglo Jewry, 25% of Israeli Jewry and 13% of American Jewry.
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