Definitions for orogenyɔˈrɒdʒ ə ni, oʊˈrɒdʒ-
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the process of mountain formation (especially by the upward displacement of the earth's crust)
the process of mountain building by the upward folding of the Earth's crust.
Orogeny refers to forces and events leading to a large structural deformation of the Earth's lithosphere due to the engagement of tectonic plates. Response to such engagement results in the formation of long tracts of highly deformed rock called orogens or orogenic belts. The word "orogeny" comes from the Greek, and it is the primary mechanism by which mountains are built on continents. Orogens develop while a continental plate is crumpled and is pushed upwards to form mountain ranges, and involve a great range of geological processes collectively called orogenesis.
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