Definitions for organismˈɔr gəˌnɪz əm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word organism
a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body
"the social organism"
A discrete and complete living thing, such as animal, plant, fungus or microorganism.
Any complex thing with properties normally associated with living things.
Origin: From ὄργανον, from werǵ-.
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system. In at least some form, all types of organisms are capable of responding to stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, and maintenance of homeostasis as a stable whole. An organism may be either unicellular or, as in the case of humans, comprise many trillions of cells grouped into specialized tissues and organs. The term multicellular describes any organism made up of more than one cell. All organisms living on Earth are divided into the eukaryotes and prokaryotes based on the presence or absence of true nuclei in their cells. The prokaryotes represent two separate domains, the Bacteria and Archaea. Eukaryotic organisms are characterized by the presence of a membrane-bound cell nucleus, and contain additional membrane-bound compartmentalization called organelles. Fungi, animals and plants are examples of kingdoms of organisms that are eukaryotes. In 2002 Thomas Cavalier-Smith proposed a clade, Neomura, which groups together the Archaea and Eukarya. Neomura is thought to have evolved from Bacteria, more specifically from Actinobacteria. See Branching order of bacterial phyla.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a structure instinct with life, and possessed of organs that discharge functions subordinate and ministrative to the life of the whole.
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'organism' in Nouns Frequency: #2003
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Translations for organism
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- متعضية, موجود, عضوِيةArabic
- organismeCatalan, Valencian
- organism, elusolend, elusorganismEstonian
- eliö, organismiFinnish
- יצור, אורגניזםHebrew
- òganisHaitian Creole
- élőlény, organizmusHungarian
- 유기체, 생물Korean
- organismeNorwegian Nynorsk
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