Definitions for ophthalmia neonatorum
ophthalmia in newborns; contracted while passing through the birth canal; usually prevented with silver nitrate drops
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis contracted by newborns during delivery. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal from a mother infected with either Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis. Ophthalmic ointment containing 0.5% erythromycin is typically applied to the newborn's eyes within 1 hour of birth as prophylaxis against gonococcal ophthalmia. If left untreated it can cause blindness.
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