conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
A process for causing animals to behave in a specific manner by rewarding or punishing the animal each time it performs a certain act; after a time, the animal comes to associate the reward or punishment with the act, and will increase or decrease the frequency of performing that act.
A technique of behavior modification through positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment
Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which an individual's behavior is modified by its consequences; the behaviour may change in form, frequency, or strength. Operant conditioning is a term that was coined by B.F Skinner in 1937. The word operant can be described as, "an item of behavior that is initially spontaneous, rather than a response to a prior stimulus, but whose consequences may reinforce or inhibit recurrence of that behavior". Operant conditioning is distinguished from classical conditioning in that operant conditioning deals with the modification of "voluntary behaviour" or operant behaviour. Operant behavior operates on the environment and is maintained by its consequences, while classical conditioning deals with the conditioning of reflexive behaviours which are elicited by antecedent conditions. Behaviours conditioned via a classical conditioning procedure are not maintained by consequences.
The numerical value of operant conditioning in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of operant conditioning in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6
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- operante conditioneringDutch
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"operant conditioning." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 21 Sep. 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/operant conditioning>.