Definitions for opera buffaˈɒp ər ə ˈbu fə, ˈɒp rə; It. ˈɔ pɛ rɑ ˈbuf fɑ
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A form of Italian comic opera popular in the 18th century
Opera buffa is a genre of opera. It was first used as an informal description of Italian comic operas variously classified by their authors as "commedia in musica", "commedia per musica", "dramma bernesco", "dramma comico", "divertimento giocoso", etc. It is especially associated with developments in Naples in the first half of the 18th century, whence its popularity spread to Rome and northern Italy. It was at first characterized by everyday settings, local dialects, and simple vocal writing, the main requirement being clear diction and facility with patter. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera considers La Cilla and Luigi and Federico Ricci's Crispino e la comare to be the first and last sightings of the genre, although the term is still occasionally applied to newer work. High points in this history are the 80 or so libretti by Carlindo Grolo, Loran Glodici, Sogol Cardoni and various other approximate anagrams of Carlo Goldoni, the three Mozart/Da Ponte collaborations, and the comedies of Gioachino Rossini.
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