Definitions for old testament
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word old testament
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
the complete Bible of the Jews, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa, being the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible.
Category: Judaism, Bible
the covenant between God and Israel on Mount Sinai, constituting the basis of the Hebrew religion. Ex. 19–24; Jer. 31:31–34; II Cor. 3:6, 14.
Origin of Old Testament:
1300–50; ME; trans. of LL Vetus Testamentum, trans. of Gk Palaià Diathḗkē
the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
The first major part of the Christian Bible, covering events before the coming of Christ, corresponding roughly to the Jewish Tanakh. Usually subdivided into the categories of law, history, poetry (or wisdom books) and prophecy.
Origin: A retronym, by comparison with the New Testament.
The Old Testament is a Christian term for a collection of religious writings of ancient Israel that form the first section of Christian Bibles, in contrast to the Christian New Testament. The books included in the Old Testament varies markedly between Christian denominations; Protestants accept only the Hebrew Bible's canon but divide it into 39 books, while Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox, Coptic and Ethiopian churches recognise a considerably larger collection. The books can be broadly divided into the Pentateuch, which tells how God selected Israel to be his chosen people; the history books telling the history of the Israelites from their conquest of Canaan to their defeat and exile in Babylon; the poetic and "Wisdom" books dealing, in various forms, with questions of good and evil in the world; and the books of the biblical prophets, warning of the consequences of turning away from God. For the Israelites who were its original authors and readers these books told of their own unique relationship with God and their relationship with proselytes, but the overarching messianic nature of Christianity has led Christians from the very beginning of the faith to see the Old Testament as a preparation for the New Covenant and New Testament.
The New Hacker's Dictionary
[C programmers] The first edition of K&R, the sacred text describing Classic C.
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